Rocca d'Orcia

"our savior has set me up on the island and on every side the winds beat."

Santa Caterina da Siena

Small medieval village that preserves almost completely its characters original. Built on the slope of a limestone hillside that emerges from the clays of the Val d'Orcia the village of Rocca d'Orcia has following the events of the tower above it. The delightful square of the Cistern, the fulcrum of the village, must have been a splendid set design in 1207, when still under the rule of the Tignosi, the Chartha Libertatis, an important document, was approved (yes, the thinks it was even the first of its kind), with the which regulated the rights of the inhabitants of the Fortress in the to themselves, who had hitherto been gentlemen absolute.


Soaring like a true sentry on the Val d'Orcia and its long history tells of how its name derives from its first owners: the family of Tignosi, descendants of Tignoso di Tentennano. It was this family to build the tower above the village of Rocca d'Orcia that, because of its strategic position it was an important outpost on the Via Francigena.
The Rocca remained in the hands of the Tignosi until 1251, when they found themselves forced, due to economic difficulties, to hand it over to the municipality of
Siena. Ironically, it was decided that 20 years later, after the battle of Montaperti, Siena, in view of the debts contracted with those had helped her win this important battle, she found herself forced to repay its creditors with its possessions, and the Fortress of Tentennano became the property of the Salimbeni.
It was under the Salimbeni, one of the most important Sienese families and owners of numerous estates that the Fortress of Tentennano lived in.
its period of maximum power and expansion. In the second half of 1300 also St. Catherine of Siena stayed in the palace of the Salimbeni at the Rocca. The scriptures say that right here, from illiterate, Catherine received the divine gift of writing.

The particularity of this fortification is that it has never been conquered: not even in 1419 when the enemies of the fortress succeeded to enter the circle of walls thanks to the intervention of a traitor who from the inside opened the doors of the castle for allow the tower to be taken. The lord of the time, Coconut Salimbeni, he took refuge in the keep of the castle, the part that remains still standing, where the garrison soldiers resided and by There he managed to repel the assault by destroying the wooden stairs...that allowed access. The suggestive visit inside of the Rocca has the purpose of showing some peculiarities of the place and
of the building but above all the way in which it was organized a medieval fortification. The last staircase allows access and overlooking the roof terrace, which offers us the sighed prize of an unparalleled panorama and to those who inhabited it in the past the possibility and guarantee of a control on the
surrounding territory.

One 360 ° view a unique view of the valley and will seem to be able to touch the sky with one finger.